Grade 5: Eco Curriculum
SOCIAL SCIENCES (Your country)
• links between natural resources and economic activities (like mining and manufacturing) in your country, and the impact of these activities on settlement now and in the past
• renewable and non-renewable resources
use and abuse of natural resources in your country
focus on water and energy resources
Early civilizations – role of environment in shaping these societies; their use of resources; farming development of cities; technology; trade.
1600 Southern Africa societies – hunter-gatherer societies; herders; African farmers.
Significance of place names, names of rivers, mountains and other land marks and symbols.
Life and Living
Life processes and healthy living:
Summery: Organisms receive nutrients from plant material in order to be healthy.
• Living things need food for energy, to move, grow, and repair damage to their bodies (’tissues’). Animals including humans have digestive systems for getting nutrients from food. Humans need a balanced diet from certain groups of food t be healthy.
Interactions in Environments:
Summery: Good quality water and soil is crucial to the maintenance of a healthy ecosystem.
• Ecosystems depend on soil. Soil forms by natural processes from rock and dead plant and animal material, but it takes an extremely long time to form. Substances which plants take from the soil must be replaced to maintain fertility of the soil. (Links with soil in Planet Earth and Beyond)
• Water plays an important role in ecosystems, sustaining both plant and animal life. Industrial, agricultural and domestic activities may have a serious impact on the quality and quantity of water available in the area. (Links with soil in Planet Earth and Beyond)
The Planet Earth and Beyond
Our place in Space
Summery: Exploring how these varying conditions influence the behavior of animals and birds.
• The effect of regular change on nature – plants and animals. Noticeable patterns and its role in sustaining life.
Atmosphere and weather
Summery: Weather has unique influences on water, soil, animals and humans.
• Weather may change from day to day. Weather can be described by measurable quantities, such as temperature, wind direction and speed, and precipitation.
The Changing Earth
Summery: The formation of soil takes place over a period of many years under various circumstances, contributing to its characteristics.
• Soil consists of weathered rocks and decomposed organic material from dead plants, animals and bacteria. Soil forms by natural processes, but it takes an extremely long time to form. Soils have properties of colour and texture, capacity to retain water, and the ability to support the growth of many kinds of plants, including those in our food supply. (Links with Life and Living)
• Erosion of the land creates the landforms that we see and also results into the deposition of rock particles that might be lithified to form sedimentary rocks. Erosion and deposition can be very slow and gradual or it can occur in short catastrophic events like floods.
The Economic Cycle:
Summery: Government responsibility regarding resources
Identify and describe the role of government in the use of resources and services.
Sustainable Growth & Development:
Summery: Personal steps that can be taken to improve the environment
Describe the changes in lifestyles, living standards and patterns of consumption from self-sufficient societies to modern societies.
• Explain the concept of economic growth and development, and its impact on the development of communities and society.
• Explore personal steps and attitudes to improve the standard of living (e.g. developing entrepreneurial skills, using time and resources productively and promoting a healthy environment).
Technological processes and skills:
Summery: Focusing on people explain the positive and negative effects that technology has had on health and progress.
• Find out about the background context (e.g. people, environment, nature of need) when given a problem, need or opportunity and list the advantages that a technological solution might bring to people.
Technological knowledge & understanding:
Summery: How to make things work using energy resources.
Report on the effect it has on the natural environment.
Technology, society and the environment:
Summery: How technology affected health and environment.