Environment 3: Grade 08

Grade 8: Eco Curriculum


• Settlement:
• functions of cities
• settlement patterns (including internal structures of settlements and location patterns) in your country and elsewhere
• factors affecting settlement patterns, including:
 physical
 environmental
 social
 political and economic (e.g. the legacy
of colonialism and apartheid)
 rural depopulation
 affects of globalisation
• Transportation:
• effect on trade
• response to demand for trade
• role in providing access to opportunities
• effect on the shape and structure of settlements
• transport between settlements
• Natural resources (such as types of marine life, water, air, forests and soil) in your country and worldwide:
• how they are being used
• conservation and protection of resources (including wildlife)
• why conservation is necessary
• threats to conservation
• new opportunities to conserve resources such as community development, eco-tourism, ways to share resources sustainably


Effect of Industrial Revolution on environment – changing technology, agriculture and trade, exploitation, new world of work, growth of urban areas, social problems.
Effect of Industrialisation in Southern Africa – colonialism, World War 1 and technological divide

Life and Living

Life processes and healthy living:
Summery: Real action should be applied to both preserve water resources and prevent pollution of it.
• Water makes up a large portion of all living things, and their health depends on water passing through them in various ways, using structures (such as kidneys, skin or stomata) which can fulfill this function.
• All living things, including humans, have means of eliminating waste products which are produced during life processes. Water plays an important role in this process.
• Knowledge of how to prevent the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases, including the HIV virus, must be followed by behavior choices.
LIFE ORIENTATION SPECIFIC THEME: Take care of your environment; take care of yourself


Technological processes and skills:
Summery: Design a product to fulfill a national need taking into account safety and environmental considerations.
• Investigate the background context, the nature of the need, the environmental situation, and the people concerned when given a problem, need or opportunity set in a nationally relevant context.
• Compare existing products relevant to the problem situation based on:
• safety;
• suitability of materials;
• fitness for purpose;
• cost.
• Develop and perform practical tests in the technological knowledge areas (Structures, Processing, and Systems and Control)
• List product and design specifications and constraints for a solution to an identified or given problem, need or opportunity based on most of the design key words listed below:
• People: age, target market, human rights, access;
• Purpose: function; what the product will do;
• Environment: where the product will be used or made, impact on the environment;
• Safety: for users and manufacturers;
• Cost: cost of materials, wastage, cost of manufacture, maximum selling price.