Environment 3: Grade 05

Grade 5: Eco Curriculum

SOCIAL SCIENCES (Your country)

• Resources:
• links between natural resources and economic activities (like mining and manufacturing) in your country, and the impact of these activities on settlement now and in the past
• renewable and non-renewable resources
 use and abuse of natural resources in your country
 focus on water and energy resources


Early civilizations – role of environment in shaping these societies; their use of resources; farming development of cities; technology; trade.
1600 Southern Africa societies – hunter-gatherer societies; herders; African farmers.
Significance of place names, names of rivers, mountains and other land marks and symbols.

Historical Enquiry
The learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate aspects of the past, present and future using, objects, pictures, written sources, buildings, museum displays and people (oral history).
E.g. with the help of various sources they find themselves (oral, written, maps graphs, tables, objects, buildings monuments, museums) indicate the ways in which natural resources in the country has been used in the past, is being used in the present and will be used in the future as food, protection, decoration, habitation and more.

Communicate the knowledge and understanding in a variety of ways, including presenting historical information in short paragraphs, simple graphs, maps, diagrams, artwork, posters, drama, dance and music; using information technology where available. (communicate the answer).

Historical Knowledge and Understanding
The learner will be able to demonstrate historical knowledge and understanding by firstly grasping how the cause-and-effect  principle relate to events that had taken place and secondly noticing similarities and differences between past and present ways of doing things.
E.g. explain how environmental conditions (drought / floods / climate change / fauna / flora) and legislation (groups area act) in own country has influenced and shaped the present state of the local environment.

Historical Interpretation
The learner will be able to interpret aspects of history. Knowing that there can be more than one point of view about the same event in the past, the learner selects items which represent an aspect of the past being studied to contribute to a class display or school museum (representation of the past)
E.g. environmental symbols across the country that stood for something specific, like war, eating habits, cultural habits, decoration,…

Life and Living

Interactions in Environments:
Summery: Good quality water and soil is crucial to the maintenance of a healthy ecosystem.
• Ecosystems depend on soil. Soil forms by natural processes from rock and dead plant and animal material, but it takes an extremely long time to form. Substances which plants take from the soil must be replaced to maintain fertility of the soil. (Links with soil in Planet Earth and Beyond)
• Water plays an important role in ecosystems, sustaining both plant and animal life. Industrial, agricultural and domestic activities may have a serious impact on the quality and quantity of water available in the area. (Links with soil in Planet Earth and Beyond)
LIFE ORIENTATION SPECIFIC THEME: Take care of your environment; take care of yourself


The Economic Cycle:
Summery: Government responsibility regarding resources
Identify and describe the role of government in the use of resources and services.

Sustainable Growth & Development:
Summery: Personal steps that can be taken to improve the environment
Describe the changes in lifestyles, living standards and patterns of consumption from self-sufficient societies to modern societies.
• Explain the concept of economic growth and development, and its impact on the development of communities and society.
• Explore personal steps and attitudes to improve the standard of living (e.g. developing entrepreneurial skills, using time and resources productively and promoting a healthy environment).

Entrepreneurial Knowledge & Skills:
Summery: Using natural resources to sustain business

Identify enterprises and events in own community (e.g. sporting events, craft work) where specific goods and services are being sold to satisfy consumers’ needs and generate profit.


Technological knowledge & understanding:
Summery: How to make things work using energy resources.

Systems and Control: Demonstrates knowledge and understanding of how to use energy resources to power mechanical systems in order to make a product move in some way.

Report on the effect it has on the natural environment.

Technology, society and the environment:
Summery: How technology affected health and environment.

Indigenous Technology and Culture
Recognise how products and technologies have been adapted from other times and cultures.

Impact of Technology
Identify possible positive and negative effects of scientific developments and technological products on the quality of people’s lives and/or the health of the environment.

Bias Technology
Describe possible consequences that the lack of access to technological products or services might have on certain groups of people.