Grade 4: Eco Curriculum
SOCIAL SCIENCES (Municipal district)
• Resources and services within a settlement (e.g. land, water, sewerage, waste services, education, medical, green/open spaces), and difficulties faced by those without access to resources and services.
• Access to food and water:
• consequences of lack of access to food and proper nutrition
• ways of accessing food and water in different contexts, past and present
• wise use and management of these resources
Beliefs linked to natural features of local area.
Indigenous environmental practices.
Historical Knowledge and Understanding
The learner will be able to demonstrate historical knowledge and understanding by firstly grasping how the cause-and-effect principle relate to actions taken by people and secondly noticing similarities and differences between past and present ways of doing things.
E.g. explain how either good or bad environmental stewardship in own community has lead to the present state of the local environment.
The Planet Earth and Beyond
Atmosphere and weather
Summery: Most of earth consists of water, but not all of it is readily available to our disposal
• Water changes its form as it moves in a cycle between the hydrosphere, atmosphere and lithosphere in what is known as the water ‘cycle’.
• Most of planet earth is covered by water in the oceans. A small portion of the planet is covered by land that is separated into continents. At the poles there are ice caps. Only a small amount of water is available to living things on land to use and only a small portion of land is easily habitable by humans.
The Changing Earth
Summery: Proper management of the catcment areas is crucial to the quality of our water.
• Earth materials are solid rocks and soils, water and gasses of the atmosphere.
• The quality of water resources is determined by the quality of catchment area. Proper care and the management of catchment areas and water resources are essential, and factors affecting the quality of water resources and catchment areas may be investigated. (Links with Life and Living)
LIFE ORIENTATION SPECIFIC THEME: Take care of your environment; take care of yourself
The Economic Cycle:
Summery: Personal responsibility regarding resources
Explain the effects on the community of both responsible and irresponsible use of resources and services.
Sustainable Growth & Development:
Summery: How different standards of living affect the environment
• Identify the differences in standards of living of highly developed and subsistence communities.
• Describe the economic and social impact of the discovery of minerals in South Africa (e.g. job creation, wealth creation, exploitation of cheap labour, migratory labour, health and safety hazards.
• Identify the local community’s efforts in fighting poverty (e.g. RDP, urban renewal and development development projects)
Entrepreneurial Knowledge & Skills:
Summery: Importance of natural resources to maintain sustainability
Explain how entrepreneurs combine labour (work), capital (money, machinery, tools), and natural resources (raw materials) to gain profit.
Technological processes and skills:
Summery: Focussing on people and the environment, solve a simple problem by identifying main design aspects and a scientific investigation.
• With assistance, find out the background context (e.g. people, environment) when given a problem, need or opportunity.
• Find out about existing products relevant to the problem, need or opportunity, and identify the main design aspects (who is it for / what is it for / what does it look like) that make them suitable as a solution.
• Perform a scientific investigation about concepts relevant to the problem, need or opportunity using science process skills:
• Planning investigations;
• Conducting investigations;
• Processing and interpreting data;
• Evaluating and communicating; findings.
Technological knowledge & understanding:
Summery: How to make stuff move using simple methods.
Systems and Control: Demonstrates knowledge and understanding of how to use simple mechanisms (e.g. wheels and axles, pivots, hinges) to make a product move in some way.
Report on the effect it has on the natural environment.
Technology, society and the environment:
Summery: How technology created inequalities between cultures.
Indigenous Technology and Culture
Describe how local indigenous cultures have used scientific principles or technological products for specific purposes.
Impact of Technology
Express opinions about how technological products made people’s lives easier.
Express why certain groups of people might be disadvantaged when using technological products.